Once the applicant files the Trademark application with the Registrar of Trademarks, it goes through various stages. In the initial stage, the Trademark Examiner examines the trademark application and checks whether the trademark qualifies for registration as per the Trademarks Act and Rules.
If the examiner is satisfied that the trademark is eligible for registration, then the applied trademark is published in Trademark Journal for a period of 4 months. Any person who is of the view that the applied trademark does not qualify for a valid registration may raise opposition during this period of 4 months.
The main purpose behind publishing a Trademark in the Journal is to enable any third party to view the trademark and file opposition against the registration of the applied mark. A trademark opposition is generally considered by a person who is of the view that his or her Intellectual Property Rights are violated due to the registration of such applied trademark.