In order to start a Private Limited Company, minimum of 2 member/shareholder are required. An individual person above 18 years of age or a body corporate can be a member or shareholder in a Private Limited Company. The maximum count of member/shareholder in a Private Limited Company can go upto 200.
A Private Limited Company needs to have a minimum of 2 directors who shall manage the conduct and affairs of the company. The directors may be existing shareholders of the company or can be a person other than a shareholder. There may be a maximum of 15 directors in any company. Every Indian Company has to ensure that they have 1 director who is a permanent resident of India.
Restriction on Transfer of Shares
The members/shareholders of private limited companies cannot transfer their shares publicly. There can be a restriction on the transferability of shares in these companies.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
A foreign citizen, foreign corporate entities, NRIs or OCI’s are allowed to be the Directors and/or Shareholders of a Company with Foreign Direct Investment, which makes Private Limited Company as a preferred choice of entity for foreign promoters.
Prohibition on Inviting Investments from Public
A Private Limited Company is not allowed to invite shareholders publicly to purchase or subscribe to its shares or any other kind of securities. It is also not allowed to accept deposits from the public other than its members, directors, or relative of directors.